Many authors worked on the revised books, writing new manuscripts; some of them also wrote plot outlines and edited the books. In , the Hardy Boys books began to be published in paperback rather than hardcover. The outcome of the case turned largely on the question of who had written the Nancy Drew series. Adams filed a countersuit, claiming that, as author of the Nancy Drew Mystery Stories , she retained the rights to her work. Although Adams had written many Nancy Drew titles after and edited others, she claimed to be the author of all of the early titles.
The Hardy Boys
When Mildred Benson , the author of the early Nancy Drew volumes, was called to testify about her work for the Syndicate, Benson's role in writing the manuscripts of early titles was revealed in court with extensive documentation, contradicting Adams' claims to authorship. Furthermore, any new publishers chosen by Adams were completely within their rights to print new titles. The Hardy Boys have gone through many permutations over the years. Beginning in , the books were extensively revised, and some commentators find that the Hardys' characters changed in the process.
The early volumes, largely written by Leslie McFarlane , have been praised for their atmosphere and writing style, qualities often considered lacking in juvenile series books. I opted for Quality. The House on the Cliff , . In general, the world of these early volumes is a "[dark] and Would civilization crumble if kids got the notion that the people who ran the world were sometimes stupid, occasionally wrong and even corrupt at times?
The books' attitudes towards minority characters are a matter of disagreement. These early volumes have been called models of diversity for their day, since among the Hardys' friends are Phil Cohen, who is Jewish , and the Italian immigrant Tony Prito. Vilnoff, for example, the villain in The Sinister Sign-Post , is described as "swarthy" and "a foreigner", notes critic Steve Burgess. We sense his untrustworthy nature immediately when he sits down beside the boys at a football game and doesn't understand it, despite the boys' best efforts to explain. When he does grasp something, you know it.
Later he adds genially, "I haf you vhere I vant you now! It's foreign.
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Twenty-five chapters are not enough to solve the mystery of his nationality. African Americans are the targets of much racism, being depicted as unintelligent, lazy, and superstitious,  "bumpkin rescuers" at best and "secretive and conspiratorial villains" at worst. The end result, however, was less the removal of stereotypes than the removal of non-white characters altogether  and the creation of an "ethnically cleansed Bayport.
An additional rationale for the revisions was a drop in sales, which became particularly significant by the mids. The books were shortened from 25 chapters to 20 and the writing style was made terser. The Arctic Patrol Mystery , . In the course of revising and modernizing the series, many plots were completely re-written. The Flickering Torch Mystery , for example, was changed from a plot involving an actual flickering torch used as a signal by a gang to a plot featuring a rock club called "The Flickering Torch.
The books became more respectful of law and authority. Even villains no longer smoked or drank, and scenes involving guns and shoot-outs were compressed or eliminated, in favor of criminals simply giving themselves up. They are members and agents of the adult ruling class, acting on behalf of that ruling class. Casefiles No. The Hardy Boys began to be published in paperback in The latter series, modeled on the Nancy Drew Notebooks , was aimed at a younger audience, and ran from to In contrast, the Casefiles , begun a decade earlier in , was aimed at an older audience than the Hardy Boys Mystery Stories.
Hand me the Uzi! I was told the emphasis was on high action and suspense and there had to be a cliff-hanger ending to every chapter. In these volumes, the Hardys' adventures are narrated in the first person, each brother alternating chapters. This fresh approach to telling the adventures reveals two boys quite foreign to how they have been portrayed before, egotistical and jealous, and longtime readers will find few connections with the boys' previous personalities. The boys' Aunt Gertrude becomes "Trudy", their mother Laura is given a career as a librarian, and their father is semi-retired.
In this new series, the Hardy Boys seem "more like regular kids — who have lots of wild adventures — in these books, which also deal with issues that kids today might have thought about. For example, the second book in the series, Running on Fumes , deals with environmentalists who go a little too far to try to save trees. February saw the launch of The Hardy Boys Adventures , a series written in the first-person. For the first time since , the books will be issued in hardcover, along with paperback editions. The brothers were also featured in a few standalone books, such as The Hardy Boys Ghost Stories , and some crossover titles where they teamed up with other characters such as Nancy Drew or Tom Swift.
Hardy Boys books have been extensively reprinted in the United Kingdom , with new illustrations and cover art. There have been five separate Hardy Boys television adaptations. In the mids, sales of Hardy Boys books began to drop. The Stratemeyer Syndicate conducted a survey, which revealed that the decline in sales was due to the perceived high cost of the books and to competition from television.
Both actors were 20 at the time of production and portrayed the Hardy Boys as young adults rather than children. The show did poorly, however, and the series was abandoned. Two years later, in , the American Broadcasting Company aired a Saturday morning cartoon series based on the Hardy Boys ; the series was produced by Filmation and ran from to A group of professional musicians performed all the songs on the series, and toured across the United States.
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During the first season, the series alternated between episodes featuring the Hardy Boys one week and Nancy Drew the next. The Hardy Boys were cast as young adults Stevenson and Cassidy were 24 and 18, respectively, during the filming of the first episodes.
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The series returned for a third season, dropping the Nancy Drew character completely and shortening its title to The Hardy Boys. The characters were portrayed as in their early 20s, Frank working as a reporter and Joe still in college. The show lasted for only one season of 13 episodes due to poor ratings; a series based on Nancy Drew that ran alongside it in syndication suffered the same fate. Nancy Drew. Hardy Boys. Oh, that would be really cool to do a hard-boiled noir take on them.
The series, a hardboiled noir take on the characters, finds characters Frank and Joe Hardy accused of murdering their father, Fenton Hardy, and turning to a femme fatale-esque Nancy Drew to clear their names. Del Col credits editors Matt Idelson and Matt Humphreys with helping him shape the direction of the series. The series debuted to positive reviews. Comics blog Readingwithaflightring.
It works on every level and still fully embraces the heart of who they are. Drew, who was absent for most of the first issue. She is a pitch-perfect modernized femme fatale, who could hold her own up against any present-day Sam Spade, Philip Marlowe, or the like. The Hardy Boys have been called "a cultural touchstone all over the world. One explanation for this continuing popularity is that the Hardy Boys are simple wish fulfillment. Their adventures allow readers to vicariously experience an escape from the mundane. She tries to argue that "racist stereotypes are She further claims that this is the reason for the popularity of the Applewood Books reprints of the original, unrevised texts rather that the widely cited blandness of the rewrites.
Critic Gary Westfahl considers the Hardy Boys to not display any sexuality. They are "well-scrubbed Boy Scout types"  who "fetishized squareness. Others have pointed to the Hardy Boys' relationship with their father as a key to the success of the series. As Tim Morris notes, while Fenton Hardy is portrayed as a great detective, his sons are usually the ones that solve cases, making Fenton Hardy a paradoxical figure:.
He is always there, he knows everything. He is infallible but always failing. When the boys rescue him, he is typically emaciated, dehydrated, semi-conscious, delirious; they must succor him with candy bars and water.
We Won’t See You in Court: The Era of Tort Lawsuits Is Waning
He can take on any shape, but reveals his identity within moments of doing so. He never discusses a case except the one he's working on in a given novel, so that his legendary close-mouthedness turns to garrulousness when a Hardy Boys novel begins, which is of course the only time we ever get to see him. All the same, he only discusses the case in enough detail to mislead his sons and put them in mortal danger. He has systems of information and data-gathering that put the FBI to shame, yet he is always losing his case notes , his ciphers , his microfilm , or some other valuable clue, usually by leaving it in his extra pair of pants, meaning that the Boys have to drive to Canada or Florida or somewhere to retrieve it.
I suppose he isn't mysterious at all; he simply embodies what many think of their own fathers: utterly powerful, contemptibly inept. As a result, the Hardy Boys are able both to be superior to their father and to gain the satisfaction of "fearlessly making their dad proud of them. In the end, many commentators find that the Hardy Boys are largely successful because their adventures represent "a victory over anxiety.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Main article: List of The Hardy Boys characters. See also: Leslie McFarlane. We can tell the newspapers that we believe our father has met with foul play and that you won't bother to look into the matter, but don't let us disturb you at all—" "What's that about the newspapers? Main article: List of Hardy Boys books. United States portal Books portal Children's literature portal.
Hardy's first name is given as Mildred. See Keeline The book in question is Casefiles No. The introduction of Pete Jones in the series predates the introduction of Valerie Brown from Josie and the Pussycats , who is often credited as the first African American animated character; the Hardy Boys first aired in while Josie and the Pussycats aired a year later in See also Billman , p. Dixon - Scholastic". Children's books. Washington: SleuthSayers. March 9, Reading with a flight Ring. Billman, Carol The Secret of the Stratemeyer Syndicate.
New York: Ungar. Burgess, Steve October 7, Archived from the original on October 25, Connelly, Mark Cross, Gary S Oxford: Oxford University Press. The truth is always more complex than the fantasy.
About a third of Jewish men at this time were working class, not the professionals and scholars portrayed by stereotype. And Jews who came to America and succeeded hardly came with nothing. Our experience in the garment and textile industries fit perfectly with an economy where those industries were growing times faster than the economy as a whole.
Indeed, two-thirds of Jewish immigrants between and were skilled laborers, compared to forty-nine percent of English immigrants, fifteen percent of Southern Italians, thirteen percent of the Irish, and six percent of Poles. And blacks, no matter their skills, abilities or ambitions, were locked out of the sectors open to many Jews, seeing as how for most of this period, ninety percent were still serfs on the national plantation known as the American South.
When my great-grandfather came to America in , though he was poor, and a religious minority, he was offered work the very first day that was off limits to African Americans whose families had been here for over years. He was a hard worker, to be sure, but one whose hard work was met by access to an opportunity structure. No shame in that, but also no model minority. And the much-heralded Jewish cultural emphasis on education is also largely mythical.
In the early part of the century, the average American Jew supposedly part of a culture with a special affinity for education was a 7th grade dropout, and working class Jewish kids typically received no greater level of schooling than other working class immigrant children. None of this is to take away from the accomplishments of any Jewish person or the community writ large, which, once upon a time, really did stand for something.
But so much of that early radicalism has faded, to be replaced by a political, cultural, and economic assimilationism that has rendered much of the Jewish collective unrecognizable by historic standards, even as it has paved the way for our material enrichment. This de-culturation was the price of our ticket as Baldwin called it for the commodity known as America, and increasingly, I have to wonder if it was a fair trade.
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And I remember the look in his eyes and frustration in his voice as he realized that all he knew could fit in the space of about two minutes. This was what he had been given: a silence about what it had meant to be Jewish: and that silence was all he could pass on. For the sake of becoming American and that had really meant to become white , one had to give up what one was, in order to metamorphose in Kafkaesque fashion into something one was not: a white man.
The self-doubt we Jews have on this score is likely part of the reason we cling to the model minority myth with such dialysis-machine like ardor: it allows us to think it was worth it after all. If American Jews want to feel good about Joe Lieberman so be it. But how sad that we have come to define our progress by how high some of our individual members are able to climb.
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