Authors Authors and affiliations J. Havla T. Arzneimitteltherapie First Online: 28 February Immunotherapies for multiple sclerosis Review and update. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Einhaltung ethischer Richtlinien Interessenkonflikt. Dieser Beitrag beinhaltet keine Studien an Menschen oder Tieren. Zugegriffen: 4. Januar Google Scholar. Oktober Amsterdam, Niederlande Google Scholar. Thieme Drug Report —12 Google Scholar. Havla J, Kleiter I, Kuempfel T Bridging, switching or drug holidays — how to treat a patient who stops natalizumab? Kompetenznetz MS.
Landscape and Urban Planning, Klagge, B. Herausforderungen und Chancen aus einer Innovationsperspektive. Raumforschung und Raumordnung, 74, 3: Menghini, G. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 42, 1: Price, B. Applied Geography, Waltert, F. Baumgartner, D. A literature review on empirical entrepreneurship research. European Planning Studies, 21, 8: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 25, Kruse, S. Natural Hazards and Earth System Science, 13, Keller, D. Entomo Helvetica, 6: Ethik und Gesellschaft, Yearbook of Socioeconomics in Agriculture, 5: Bolliger, J.
Conservation Biology, 25, 3: Schmitt, M. Raumforschung und Raumordnung, Pauli, D. Tisdell, C. Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Gowdy, J. Journal of Socio-Economics, Fry, P. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, Environmental and Resource Economics, Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy, Basic and Applied Ecology, 3: Schmid, B.
In: Holstenkamp, L. Wiesbaden, Springer. Resilienz - ein Begriff und sein Potenzial. Resilience — a concept and its potential. Adressing strong uncertainty. In: Spash, C. Abington, Routledge. In: Pfriem, R. Marburg, Metropolis.
In: Klein, A. Der zivilgesellschaftliche Diskurs. Konstanz, ABL Verlag. Recherche Agronomique Suisse, 6, 2: Agrarforschung Schweiz, 6, 2: In: Held, M. Marburg, Metropolis-Verlag. Zappa, M. Lauber, S. In: Lauber, S. Birmensdorf, Istituto federale di ricerca WSL.
Die "Grosse Transformation": Chancen einer Debatte. Birmensdorf, Eidg. What requirements must be fulfilled to declare certain marine areas as special protection areas, in accordance with the common fisheries policy and the historical rights of the Member States? Will establishing these fishing protected areas lead to changes in the allocation of fishing quotas? If so, how? It is the responsibility of Member States to designate protected areas in the waters under national jurisdiction and to establish conservation measures in order to protect vulnerable and endangered habitats and species.
These may of course include fisheries management and control measures along with those affecting any other economic activity. This submission has not yet taken place. Once received, the Commission will need to assess the management plans to see if they are adequate to ensure the attainment of the conservation objectives for these areas. Measures foreseen in such management plans that would restrict or prohibit fishing activities in protected areas would need to be adopted at EU level whenever the area would lie beyond the 12 miles territorial sea limit, if they are to apply to vessels other than those flying the flag of the coastal Member State.
Decisions on quota allocation rest in any case with the Member States. Welche Alternativen werden hier vornehmlich genannt? One of the main initiatives announced by the Commission in its action plan on European company law and corporate governance is an information campaign on the European Company SE Statute and possibly the European Cooperative SCE Statute. Why does the Commission propose to restrict the campaign to the SE and why is it only possibly considering a campaign for the SCE? Does not the Commission agree that it is precisely European company forms which undertakings hardly ever choose for their business such as the SCE that ought particularly to be publicised and popularised?
In announcing the information campaign on the SE, the Commission explicitly mentions involving employees. Will information also be provided for female employees? Ought not female employees of European forms of company to be informed about their rights and duties on a footing of equality with undertakings? In the consultations, stakeholders displayed hesitations about the European Private Company SPE ; the Commission mentions that they were keen to explore alternative measures — what alternatives are mainly referred to here?
Why is the Commission evidently continuing the negotiations on the SPE even though the Member States and also stakeholders are either hesitant about the Statute or even reject it? The action plan on company law and corporate governance specifies that the Commission will launch an information campaign to increase awareness of the European Company SE Statute.
The Commission plans to draw lessons from the experience of SE campaign before launching a similar action for other legal instruments such as the European Cooperative SCE Statute. The Commission would like to assess in more detail the reasons for the relatively low popularity of certain company law forms such as the SCE. One reason might be that cooperatives, which in many Member States make up only a relatively small proportion of registered companies, are small in size and have strong roots in local communities; therefore it might be difficult for a European cooperative form that is supposed to have cross-border activities to be used more frequently.
The Commission attaches the highest importance to the principle of non-discrimination. Therefore, the Action plan refers to the involvement of employees regardless of their gender. The Commission is in the process of considering whether there are possible alternatives to the SPE. It has to be stressed that a number of Member States and stakeholders remain positive about a continuation to arrive at the objective pursued by the SPE. Therefore, the Commission has not considered it appropriate to withdraw its proposal.
Wenn nicht, wo sieht die Kommission den Fortschritt der letzten Jahrzehnte? Inwieweit kontrolliert oder beobachtet die Kommission laufend die Einhaltung von Kodizes zur Corporate Governance? Danach sind in der Tat konstante Verbesserungen festzustellen. A number of questions remain outstanding in relation to the promised initiative for improving corporate governance:.
Although the Commission recognises the need to introduce at least improved reporting on corporate governance, it is only considering making a recommendation to the Member States. If not, what progress can it identify in recent decades? To what extent is it continuously monitoring or observing compliance with codes of conduct for corporate governance? What is its view of the idea of introducing a system for monitoring compliance with national codes of conduct for governance and publishing an annual report on the progress achieved?
Is it considering the introduction of a framework directive for corporate governance for cases in which there is no deviation from the applicable code of conduct? How does the Commission intend to encourage enterprises to improve reporting on corporate governance without sanctions or penalties for non-compliance? Although shortcomings in the practical application of this principle have been identified, in particular shortly after the introduction of this approach on EU level, the level of compliance appears to have increased. The Commission receives regularly updates from the national bodies in charge of monitoring compliance with national corporate governance codes and the information received shows indeed constant improvements in this area.
Given the variety of national corporate governance frameworks, the Commission considers that national bodies are best placed to monitor compliance with the national codes. Most of the competent national bodies publish annual reports on the application of the codes. Given the great variety of companies within different Member States, with different sectors and different sizes, the Commission does not consider it appropriate to introduce uniform rules in this respect at EU level in the form of a directive or of an EU corporate governance code. The Commission does not consider introducing a framework directive, but it intends to put forward binding rules regarding issues where full compliance is considered necessary such as for example related party transactions.
The Commission intends to provide guidelines on how to improve corporate governance reporting and will cooperate closely with the national bodies in charge of monitoring corporate governance in order to encourage a better level of compliance through appropriate incentives encouraging a better quality of reporting. The nature and detail of the information provided has led to the assessment of whether the criteria for exceptionally mobilising the Solidarity Fund for the forest fires in Valencia taking longer than initially envisaged.
The assessment is currently in its concluding phase. The Commission intends taking a decision in due course on the application relating to Valencia. Zadeva: Okoljsko-energetski vidiki plinskih terminalov v severnem Jadranskem morju. Komisija dejavno spodbuja tak dialog. Italy is planning to build two gas terminals in the Gulf of Trieste. Slovenia opposes the projects, and is supported by the Italian local authorities in Trieste. Opposition to the construction of the terminals is based not only on procedural and bureaucratic difficulties; there are also strong environmental arguments against their construction, such as the failure to take account of the cumulative impact on the environment and the risks posed by mercury, which over the centuries accumulated on the seabed in the Gulf of Trieste as a result of earlier mercury mining operations in the region.
This latter element is particularly worrying, both from an environmental point of view and in terms of public health for the people living in the area. In addition, as far as the energy aspect is concerned, the construction of these terminals is not a priority, given that plans exist for two new gas pipelines from Asia to central Europe.
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Given that the existing procedures are already in progress, it is possible that construction of the terminals could begin before Slovenia has the opportunity to take legal action. I would ask, therefore, what the Commission intends to do to ensure that construction does not begin before Slovenia has the chance to pursue legal measures. The choice of a particular project, its location and enforcement of national rules are matters of national competence. It falls primarily to national authorities to ensure that the relevant procedures required by EU environmental legislation are respected.
Therefore the Commission considers that the best solution should be obtained by way of dialogue between all interested parties. The Commission has actively encouraged such dialogue. According to the information currently available, no development consent has yet been granted to the gas projects in the Gulf of Trieste.
As concerns the alleged failure to take account of the cumulative impacts on the environment and of the health risks posed by mercury which accumulated on the seabed of the Gulf of Trieste, the Italian authorities have informed the Commission that the cumulative impacts of the projects as well as the potential health risks deriving from mercury have been taken into account in the framework of the environmental impact assessment EIA procedures which are still ongoing.
In addition, the Italian authorities have recently informed the Commission about their decision to extend the environmental impact assessment procedures to better take into account the potential effects of these projects. In the framework of the ongoing investigation, the Commission has assessed all the information brought to its attention in relation to this matter.
This MEP would like to know what measures the European Fisheries Control Agency has implemented in terms of controlling and inspecting irregular and illegal fishing activity in each Member States since its establishment. She also requests information on the number of offences and open cases as well as the number of judgments handed down.
The response from the Agency will be forwarded to the Honourable Member as soon as possible. Las medidas financiadas abarcan todo el espectro de posibilidades que ofrece el FEP.http://diakonus.hu/hirlevelek/finder/controllo-numero-di-serie-iphone-6s-plus.php
Prof. Dr. Irmi Seidl - Employees - WSL
Can it provide details of the types of subsidies and their purpose, and confirm that their use has been appropriately monitored and verified? This plan is implemented by way of an Operational Programme describing in more detail the way the national authorities intend to translate the opportunities offered by the EFF into practice. Both are prepared in close consultation with regional and local economic and social partners.
The Commission confirms that the use of the funds in Spain is appropriately monitored and verified. The European Fisheries Fund EFF provides funding to the fishing industry and coastal communities to help them adapt to changing conditions in the sector and become economically resilient and ecologically sustainable. Funding is available for all sectors of the industry — sea and inland fishing, aquaculture the farming of fish, shellfish and aquatic plants , and processing and marketing of fisheries products.
The plan must define priorities, objectives, public spending estimates and deadlines. This is then followed by an operational programme describing in more detail the way the national authorities intend to translate the opportunities offered by the EFF into practice. Managing Authorities in each Member State are directly responsible mainly for: ensuring overall coordination and progress in the implementation of the EFF operational programmes and report to the Commission on the progress of implementation including on any changes and shifts of resources between priorities and operational programmes.
Leaving aside the controversial question of whether state companies should be sold to private individuals, will the Commission say:. In the event of a sale of the Hellenic Sugar Industry, will the Greek quota sugar also be transferred? The Union allocates sugar and isoglucose quotas to Member States. Transfer of these quotas between Member States is not allowed. However, it is a Member States' competence to allocate its national quota to approved undertakings producing sugar or isoglucose established in its territory.
The implementation of the restructuring and compliance with other measures is therefore a Member States' competence. Korkean edustajan, varapuheenjohtaja Catherine Ashtonin komission puolesta antama vastaus. How are the Member States going to ensure the highest possible level of transparency in the implementation of the ATT and what level of transparency can they accept? Will the Member States pursue an obligation to publish annual reports on arms transfers?
The Arms Trade Treaty ATT has the potential of making the trade in arms more responsible and transparent, thus contributing to reinforcing global peace and security. The EU has been at the forefront in the promotion of transparency in the international arms trade. It publishes, annually, a comprehensive report on exports of conventional arms including data on arms exports by all EU Member States.
At present, the provisions of the draft Treaty foresee an obligation by States Parties to report on arms transfers to the UN Secretariat. Although they have not been charged with any crimes, they are being held indefinitely in poor conditions. Their situation is the subject of much media attention, yet a solution does not appear to be imminent. In light of this, can the Commission confirm whether it is aware of these cases?
In addition, will the Commission consider liaising with other partners involved in the situation to attempt to resolve the matter for these prisoners and tell me what is being done to end the Israeli policy of administrative detention? They have not been charged with any crimes yet and are being held indefinitely in poor conditions.
The Commission is indeed aware of the cited cases. The EU will continue to engage Israel in order to promote humanitarian protection of detainees in its territory. Il ministero dell'Interno ha preso le distanze dagli eventi, affermando che all'origine dell'aggressione vi potrebbe essere la frustrazione di un gruppo di sfollati dal Nagorno-Karabakh. L'argomentazione sembra discutibile. Il ministero dell'Interno ha avviato un'indagine, ma finora non si hanno informazioni concrete da riferire. His car and others in his entourage were subjected to heavy stoning, followed by physical attacks.
Nine people were injured with no intervention by the local police, while a photographer was briefly detained. He was released only after handing over his camera. Has she already made representations to the Azerbaijani Government with regard to the above situation? Although there seem to be conflicting reports on what actually happened, it is clear that Musavat party members were hit and injured by a mob. The Ministry of Interior has distanced itself from the events, claiming frustrated Internally Displaced Persons from Nagorno Karabakh likely to be behind the attack. This argument seems debatable.
An investigation has been launched by the Ministry of Interior, without any concrete information to report to date. Spetta agli Stati membri fissare per la suddette autorizzazioni una congrua durata, che consenta al prestatore di recuperare il costo degli investimenti e ottenerne un giusto rendimento. Given that, in Italy, many seaside tourism facilities are composed of privately owned buildings, comprising constructions featuring a wide range of services such as swimming pools, bars, restaurants and so on, can the Commission clarify whether the year period specified by the Spanish regulations could also be applied to the situation in Italy, given the economic importance, the geographical distribution and the features, including structural features, of Italian seaside tourism businesses?
It is for the Member States to set the appropriate duration of such authorisations. This period should be such as is necessary to enable the provider to recoup the cost of investment and to generate a fair return. The year period specified by the Spanish regulation does not concern authorisations granted specifically for the purpose of exercising a service activity but rather a compensation following the reversion of the territory to the public maritime domain.
The draft reform seeks to ensure legal certainty for owners of buildings in view of the ambiguities found in the current legal framework for shoreline property in Spain. Legal proceedings have been under way for years in Canada, Australia, Switzerland, Belgium and Germany, and some 15 complaints have been lodged in the United States. The European Medicines Agency must now take practical measures to allay the concerns of people in Europe.
What measures is the Commission planning to take to improve the monitoring of these types of contraceptive pill and make it easier to get feedback on the side effects? Following this review the Commission will take regulatory action if necessary. The European Medicines Agency now possesses much stronger responsibilities in the monitoring of signals related to the safety of products i.
The Agency's new Pharmacovigilance Risk Assessment Committee performs the assessment of signals and recommends, where necessary, a regulatory action at EU level. The issue of combined oral contraceptives and its upcoming review indicates the robust functioning of this reinvigorated pharmacovigilance system. Almost two years have passed and still the same regrettable situation persists. The GCC states are extremely important regional and world powers. We refuse to accept that this situation is due to any financial constraints.
We conclude, therefore, that it is a political decision, and one which we do not share and would like to see reversed as soon as possible. The new Delegation should be operational in the second half of this year, and will complement the work of the existing Delegation in Riyadh, which will continue to cover relations with the GCC Secretariat and with Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar and Saudi Arabia for the time being.
For many years, the ZZMK has been pointing out failings that have a direct impact on rail safety to government institutions. However, in spite of the representations made to the Polish Ministry of Transport and the Office of Rail Transportation the Polish rail safety body , no real or effective action has been taken to improve safety on the Polish rail system. Do the Commission and its appropriate subordinate institutions — specifically the European Railway Agency — intend to take action with regard to the appalling and unacceptable state of safety on the Polish rail system?
The Commission is aware of the poor railway safety figures in Poland. Moreover, Poland has a relativelly high number of level crossings, with most of them passive; this negatively contributes to the railway safety figures. Therefore the Commission will ask the European Railway Agency for a technical opinion on this subject, including a field visit. Following this, the Commission will decide whether it is necessary to take appropriate measures.
Can the Commission also confirm that, following the suspension of negotiations, no more budgetary commitments will be made to Iceland from the IPA budget lines? In all other respects, cooperation continues including on the implementation of the Instrument for Pre-Accession Assistance. In consequence payments will continue to be made in accordance with underlying contractual provisions. No new budgetary commitments are foreseen at this stage for the remaining part of Wij stellen voor een vrijwillig ontslag aan te bieden aan gezagvoerders met gateways in de zes landen waarin de werkgever de hoogste socialeverzekeringstarieven moet betalen ….
Op welke manieren kan cockpitpersoneel zijn rechten tegenover deze praktijk doen gelden? De Commissie kan zich niet mengen in de besluiten die door particuliere ondernemingen worden genomen, zoals het aantal personeelsleden dat zij aannemen en vanuit welke lidstaat zij hun werkzaamheden uitvoeren.
Dit betekent dat elke lidstaat zelf mag bepalen hoe zijn socialezekerheidsstelsel eruit ziet, welke soorten uitkeringen worden verstrekt, aan welke voorwaarden moet worden voldoen om in aanmerking te komen voor deze uitkeringen, hoe deze uitkeringen worden berekend en hoeveel premie er moet worden betaald. De EU-wetgeving beperkt zich, middels haar collisieregels, ertoe te bepalen welke socialezekerheidswetgeving van toepassing is. Zij zorgt er ook voor dat alle personen die onder dezelfde wettelijke regeling vallen dezelfde rechten en plichten genieten ongeacht hun nationaliteit of verblijfplaats grondbeginselen van gelijke behandeling en non-discriminatie.
Vliegtuigbemanningsleden kunnen, net als andere werknemers, hun rechten doen gelden, bijvoorbeeld bij kennelijk onredelijk ontslag, discriminatie of enig andere kwestie op het gebied van arbeidsrecht en de verhouding met de werkgever, via nationale gerechtelijke procedures. The Commission cannot intervene in the decision making of private companies, for example how many staff they employ and from which Member State it operates its business. This means that each Member State is free to determine the details of its own social security system, including which benefits it provides, the conditions of eligibility, how these benefits are calculated and what contributions should be paid.
It also ensures that all persons falling under the same legislation enjoy the same rights and obligations despite their nationality or place of residence principles of equality of treatment and non-discrimination. Flight crews can defend their rights, e. In line with the framework agreement between Parliament and Commission, the Commission will inform Parliament of its intended follow-up to this resolution within three months.
How does it intend to optimise the level of coordination between the Structural Funds and the Cohesion Fund, on the one hand, and the Connecting Europe Facility, on the other? Could it clarify and define the energy sectors which might not be eligible for funding under the cohesion policy? Could the projects implemented in the convergence regions benefit from this funding? The proposed European Territorial Cooperation Regulation already sets out the possibility for interregional cooperation to support cooperation activities and exchange of good practices within certain investment priorities, covering in particular the shift towards a low-carbon economy.
For this reason, the setting up of another specific EU-wide programme aiming to foster cooperation does not seem to be necessary. In addition, there are cooperation activities and discussion fora organised in this field via the Intelligent Energy Europe programme. The Commission will assess the appropriateness of these arrangements when appraising the draft Partnership Agreements. Recently, in the British media, there has been concern raised over the exclusion of Northern Ireland residents from buying online products and the additional cost of posting packages to Northern Ireland.
Could the Commission provide information on whether it is lawful to exclude residents of the UK from buying products due to their geographical location? Are there any legal provisions regarding these disparities in EU competition law? Are customers not protected by EU consumer protection legislation? Selling practices and prices of related services, such as for example delivery, are normally subject to market forces and commercial decisions taken by economic operators.
Where customers are based in the same Member State as the service provider, the lawfulness of any differentiated treatment depends on how the Services Directive has been implemented in national law. The legal assessment is the sole prerogative of the competent national authorities, rather than the Commission. EU competition law, which can be applied by the Commission and national competition authorities, prohibits anti-competitive agreements and abuses of a dominant position which may appreciably affect trade between Member States. If there is no such effect on inter-State trade, national competition laws may nevertheless apply.
Furthermore the Distance Selling Directive requires the online traders to clearly inform the consumers, before the conclusion of the distance contract, about the delivery costs. The CRD also requires the online traders to indicate clearly, at the latest at the beginning of the ordering process, whether any delivery restrictions apply. Northern Ireland, the Channel Islands, Isle of Man, the Scottish Highlands and the Northern Isles are among locations in the United Kingdom that currently require an additional delivery cost for some packages.
It should not matter whether an individual lives in London or Enniskillen: they are both in the United Kingdom and so should be treated equally. Can the Commission clarify whether this is an infringement of consumer protection legislation? Are there any EU directives in place to prevent traders from discriminating against the citizens of Member States due to their location? Prices of delivery services are normally subject to market forces and commercial decisions of economic operators. It is for the national regulatory authorities to ensure that these principles are respected.
However these conditions should not result in discrimination of hauliers registered in other Member States and in particular in depriving them from the possibility to purchase in Ireland commercial gas oil for propellant use which is taxed at a lower rate than the gas oil used as motor fuel for non-commercial uses. It goes without saying that the Commission can only comment on specific national legislation after careful analysis of its precise terms. Can the Commission indicate the emission factor applied to each fossil fuel in calculating regional emission factors?
They set the conditions that allow Member States to compensate part of these costs, calculated for the most electricity efficient companies in each sector, if the Member State decides to do so. The calculation of the compensation takes into account the amount of CO 2 used to generate electricity from fossil fuels in the Member State or wider region. The weight shall reflect the production mix of the fossil fuels in the given geographic area.
The CO 2 factor is the result of the division of the CO 2 equivalent emission data of the energy industry divided by the Gross electricity generation based on fossil fuels in TWh. Weighted average of the CO 2 intensity of electricity produced by using fossil fuel sources in each pricing area shall represent the price setting power plant. The weight should reflect the production mix of the fossil fuels in the given area. The calculations are done in two steps: Step 1 Input factor: establishing the CO 2 intensity of fossil fuel sources used to produce electricity, Step 2 Output factor: establishing the CO 2 intensity of fossil fuel power production involving efficiency of power plants.
The CO 2 factor calculation was based on the most recent Eurostat electricity generation data The increase in the number of wireless devices and daily exposure, even to small amounts of radiation, remain a danger for public health. In view of this, it is surprising that electromagnetic field exposure limits have not been modified in the European Union since Can the Commission say whether it intends, in the short term, to revise the legislation on electromagnetic field exposure limits in order to better reflect the dangers presented by the proliferation of wireless devices?
The BioInitiative report was also carefully evaluated by the Committee together with numerous other reports and studies. However, the Court does not seem to be the right EU institution to be burdened with this kind of political responsibility. Asunto: Importaciones de paneles solares procedentes de China. Two months later another investigation was initiated into state aid.
The fact that the United States has now imposed tariffs on imports from China may lead to the volume heading to the European Union to become even greater. European industry will clearly suffer in consequence, although the measures taken by the United States are probably well-founded.
Does the Commission have details about the quantities of imported panels and their different sources, and about those manufactured in the European Union? Approximately what percentage of panels installed in the European Union are manufactured in non-member countries?
When does the Commission expect to have the results of the investigations initiated? What measures might be taken if it is established that solar panels manufactured in China receive state aid or are sold below cost? More precise and detailed data will be available once investigations are completed. The Commission may decide within nine months of initiation to impose provisional measures after consultation with Member States. Measures are usually imposed for five years. The final three options have various advantages and disadvantages which stem from participating in a market that must operate with minimum possible interference.
Would the Commission be willing to propose an increased emissions reduction target in , via any of the first three options, without the prior consent of Parliament and of the Council? Should it choose to include new sectors in the Emissions Trading System, which sectors is it considering? Since the underlying problem is the abundance of emission allowances on the market, and their low price, due to the economic crisis, has it planned stimulus measures for the different industries?
As an option, the European Parliament has outlined permanent withholding of allowances, which implies an increase in the target. If the Commission will propose any measures, including an increased target, it will be in the light of the debate, in which also the European Parliament and the Council are expected to take part, and after a public consultation and an impact assessment. The Commission is certainly aware of the situation of many energy intensive sectors and of course of the situation of the European economy and its industry at large. Under the new rules, people living within a radius of 15 kilometres of the border that is, residents of Campo de Gibraltar in southern Spain will only be allowed to bring 80 cigarettes per month across the border, instead of cigarettes.
Citizens who reside in all other parts of Spain will continue to be allowed to cross the border with cigarettes. The Campo de Gibraltar area contains a sizable British community. Member States shall exempt from VAT and excise duty imports of cigarettes subject either to the higher limit of units or to the lower limit of 40 units. The Spanish Excise Duty Law applies the limit of cigarettes. However, the Budget Law for provides that, as of , this limit will be restricted to 80 cigarettes for residents in the frontier zone of Gibraltar and frontier-zone workers.
A limit of cigarettes applies in the situations in iii above. The Explanatory Memorandum to the Budget Law states that this measure aims at tackling the abuse of law detected specifically in this frontier zone. It underlines that the cigarette limit established should be enough to cover the daily consumption of these goods.
The unidentified attackers beat her and threw her into the snow, where one of them held her by her arms while another cut off her hair. At the same time, the attackers insulted and threatened her, demanding that she cease her activities on behalf of political prisoners. The activist had previously complained that she was being persecuted by unidentified persons; she had received anonymous threats, and her Facebook page had been hacked on numerous occasions.
The incident was widely reported. It has come to our attention that a decision has been made approving plans for exploratory drilling, and potential future oil production, in the stretch of water between the eastern Canary Islands and the African continent. Drilling could begin at any time and could pose a threat to many habitats and protected species listed in national, European and international environmental conservation law. The marine areas earmarked for oil prospecting may contain reefs and geological formations which are created by the gases which bubble up from the ocean floor.
The Spanish authorities have granted an administrative concession for oil prospecting, i. By contrast, should the exploratory drilling result in a project request for oil production, the competent authorities will have to conduct an EIA before consent can be granted. Consequently, the Commission has no ground to intervene at this stage. Spain has submitted its initial assessment in accordance with the Marine Strategy Framework Directive art.
The Commission is now in the process of assessing the report and verifying whether the elements notified comply with the directive and constitute an appropriate framework to meet good environmental status by Diese Nachrichten entstammen professionellen Nachrichtenportalen z. Sie sollen die Endnutzer in die Lage versetzen, Entscheidungen in voller Sachkenntnis zu treffen, und Leitlinien zur Transparenz, zum Anbieterwechsel und zum verantwortlichen Einsatz von Instrumenten des Datenverkehrsmanagements enthalten.
This news may come from professional news outlets e. A study by the Body of European Regulators for Electronic Communications BEREC points out that the strongly market-oriented traffic management of some Internet service providers ISPs is potentially problematic, since blocking or slowing down content from online services may be to the commercial advantage of their own services:. The Commission is committed to maintaining the open and neutral character of the Internet and is convinced that a common EU approach on net neutrality issues is necessary to provide regulatory certainty for citizens, operators and all other stakeholders.
NRA's have all the necessary powers of implementation under the existing legislation on electronic communication services. The Commission is currently working on recommendations which will foster a common European approach to net neutrality. It will aim at empowering end-users to make informed choices and will include guidance on transparency, switching and the responsible use of traffic management tools.
In particular, the Commission envisages that every ISP should offer a full, best efforts Internet access product to its clients. Asunto: Ayudas de Estado al mercado europeo de CO 2. No obstante, esa ayuda estatal puede generar falseamientos significativos de la competencia en el mercado interior, en particular cuando empresas del mismo sector reciben un trato diferente en los distintos Estados miembros, debido a las diferentes limitaciones presupuestarias.
Some countries, such as Germany, have already announced that they will grant this type of aid, while other countries — notably those in Southern Europe — are not in a position to so, as they do not have a sound budgetary situation. The Member States are free to decide whether or not to grant any state aid in favour of sectors or subsectors deemed to be exposed to a significant risk of carbon leakage. However, such state aid may result in significant distortions of competition in the internal market, in particular whenever undertakings in the same sector are treated differently in different Member States due to different budgetary constraints.
Moreover, the Commission will regularly monitor the subsidies granted by Member States and may review the ETS Guidelines after the first years of application. La legge italiana n. Ritiene la Commissione che il criterio impositivo previsto dalla L. This duty is levied at 0. Falls ja, wann, wie und durch wen?
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Der Beschluss des Rates vom Februar verpflichtet die Kommission nicht dazu, dem Rat solche Ausschreibungen mitzuteilen. Was the Council notified prior to the publication of this call for proposals by the Commission? If so, when, how and by whom? If not, when, how and by whom was the Council notified? Under this Council Decision, it falls to the Commission to issue this type of call for proposals. Consequently it is not up to the Council to take a position with regard to a specific call for proposals.
The annual work programme for refers to a targeted call on law enforcement cooperation through measures to set up Passenger Information Units in Member States for the collection, processing, analysis and exchange of Passenger Name Record PNR data. As stated above, it is it is not up to the Council to take a position with regard to a specific call for proposals.
How does it evaluate the effectiveness of the work of national regulatory authorities in stimulating competition?
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